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Tuesday, 10 May 2005
Japanese Embassy Opened in Turkmenistan
Topic: Foreign Relations
Ashgabat, 17 January 2005 (nCa) --- A Japanese delegation led by Ichiro Aisawa, first vice minister of foreign affairs, had a meeting with President Niyazov Monday morning. Later in the day, Aisawa participated in the opening ceremony of Japanese embassy in Ashgabat.

“We are open to mutual cooperation on the basis of equality,” said Niyazov during his talk with the delegation.

“There is wide scope for foreign firms in hundreds of projects,” he said.

He noted that well known Japanese brand names such as Itochu, Mitsubishi, Nichimen and Komatsu were already participating in a number of projects in the country.

Japanese machinery is extensively used in oil and gas, textile and construction sectors in Turkmenistan.

Niyazov told that hydrocarbon sector, textile industry, and chemical processing would remain the engines of growth in the national development plan. “There is great scope for mutual cooperation here,” he stressed.

Aisawa expressed his admiration for the transformation that had taken place in Turkmenistan since its independence.

“The reason for this phenomenal growth is the socio economic model of development adopted by Turkmenistan based on its unique natural potential and favourable geopolitical location,” he said.

“It is quite natural that lots of foreign companies are eager to work here, and Japan is no exception,” Aisawa underlined.

He said that Japan was ready to offer experience and the latest technology to help develop oil and gas complex and other branches of Turkmenistan.

The sides discussed other questions of regional and global interest and exchanged views on reforms in the United Nations.

Niyazov noted that his country’s policy of permanent neutrality was oriented toward broad cooperation at international level.

Later in day, opening ceremony of Japanese embassy took place at Ak-Altyn Plaza Hotel where the mission is located.

“Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1992, Japan-Turkmenistan cooperation has been increasing every year,” said Aisawa addressing the guests in the ceremony.

“Opening of Japanese embassy in the Turkmen capital is an important step in the ongoing dialogue between the two countries,” he said

Japan hosted a reception in the evening.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 PM
Monday, 9 May 2005
OSCE Supports Strongly Turkmen Proposal for Regional Peace Centre
Topic: Permanent Neutrality
Ashgabat, 1 December 2004 (nCa) --- An OSCE envoy visiting Ashgabat said Tuesday that Turkmenistan?s proposal to establish a regional peace center ? Centre for Preventive Diplomacy ? was a timely idea and OSCE would lend it all possible support.

?This is very important proposal and OSCE would do all it can to help implement this idea,? said Younal Said Loutfi, deputy head of Bulgarian parliament and special envoy of OSCE Chairman-in-Office.

Loutfi said that the challenges facing mankind today ? terrorism, narco-traffic, cross-border crimes ? were such that no single nation could handle these on its own.

?Joint effort is required to meet these challenges and [Turkmenistan?s proposal for] center for preventive diplomacy could? help tackle some of these problems, he said.

Kamen Velichkov, Bulgarian ambassador for UN and Security Council Affairs, who was accompanying Loutfi, said, ?We don?t see any problem to try and support [the proposal] ? to put these creative ideas into perspective.?

Turkmenistan has proposed establishment of a regional peace center ? Centre for Preventive Diplomacy ? for the Central Asian region. According to the proposal, first aired through an article by President Niyazov in the UN Chrinicle, the United Nations has been invited to set up a peace center in Ashgabat. Turkmenistan has offered to provide all logistic support for the center.

During Niyazov?s visit to Bukhara on 19 November 2004, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan included the proposal in their mutual treaty of eternal peace and friendship.

According a UN official, if all the countries of the region agreed to the proposal, it could be implemented simply by an administrative order from the secretary general of the United Nations. ?There would be no need for voting in the General Assembly,? said the official.

If the center gets established, it would provide an opportunity to the UN and OSCE to pool their resources and avoid wastage that occurs from duplication.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 PM
Updated: Wednesday, 12 October 2005 11:33 AM
Kazakhstan Supports Turkmen Proposal for Regional Peace Centre
Topic: Permanent Neutrality
Ashgabat, 29 December 2004 (nCa) --- After Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan has also extended strong support to the Turkmen proposal for setting up a UN regional peace centre – centre for preventive diplomacy – in Ashgabat.

“Taking into account the geostrategic location of Turkmenistan in the region, and also its policy of neutrality and development of friendly relations among the neighbouring countries, I would like to confirm the offer made earlier by the Kazakh side for setting up the centre in Ashgabat,” said President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan in a letter to President Niyazov.

Nazarbayev says in his letter, “I would like to refer to the initiative for creating a regional centre of the United Nations for preventive diplomacy for Central Asia that was put forward during the visit of the Secretary General of UN, Kofi Annan, to Kazakhstan in 2002.”

“The initiative is supported by the Secretary General and the member countries of the United Nations. To the present time the concept of the activity of the centre has been developed and all the organizational questions related to its establishment have practically been solved,” he continues.

Stressing the need to choose the most convenient place for location of the centre, Nazarbayev said, “I think, in the capital of your peaceful country all necessary conditions exist for creation of the centre, the purpose of which is to develop Central Asia into a zone of steady development based on the environment of no-conflict and coexistence among the people.”

“I ask you to consider the offer, which, I think, would be supported by other countries of Central Asia,” concludes the Kazakh president.

President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan has already endorsed the idea during Niyazov’s visit to Bukhara on 19 November 2004. The proposal was incorporated in the treaty of eternal friendship signed between the two countries. The treaty has already been ratified by both sides.

With the credibility of the United Nations at its lowest since inception and the growing feeling among the weaker nations that they have nowhere to turn to for protection, the idea of regional peace centres to prevent conflicts locally could be the last lifeline for the ailing world body.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 PM
Updated: Wednesday, 12 October 2005 11:33 AM
Sunday, 8 May 2005
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Propose To Establish UN?s Regional Centers In Their Capitals
Topic: Permanent Neutrality
22 November, 2004. Saparmurat Niyazov and Islam Karimov paid a great deal of attention to issues related to enhancing the role of the UN in the Central Asian region at the talks last Friday in Bohara, the Ashgabat correspondent of reports. The leaders of neighboring countries spoke in favor of developing closer cooperation with this international organization and fixed this thesis in the bilateral Treaty on Friendship, Confidence Building and Development of Cooperation.

As the document says, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan “attach particular importance to the further enhancement of the role of the UN and its Security Council, the implementation of goals and principles stated in the documents of OSCE and other authoritative international organizations in avoiding and settling conflicts, dealing with issues of security and stability and confidence building.”

To achieve this goal Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan considered it necessary to establish the UN Regional Center of Preventive Diplomacy with residence in Ashgabat and the UN Central Asian Regional Information Center on Countering Transnational Crime and Drug Trafficking with residence in Tashkent.

It should be noted that President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov had earlier put forth this initiative on the establishment of the UN Regional Center of Preventive Diplomacy in Ashgabat in his letter to the Secretary General of the UN, Kofi Annan.


Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 PM
Updated: Wednesday, 12 October 2005 11:34 AM
Wednesday, 4 May 2005
Topic: Permanent Neutrality
We participants in the international conference "Permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan: national foundations and international significance" and representatives of States Members of the United Nations,

Congratulating the people of Turkmenistan with the State holiday "Neutrality Day" and welcoming the fifth anniversary of the adoption the General Assembly of the United Nations of the resolution the permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan,

Adopt this Declaration and declare the following:

1. For five years, Turkmenistan acts as an officially recognized permanently neutral State in the international arena. It has confirmed its unwavering commitment to the international obligations it undertook in this capacity: the status of neutrality has decisive for Turkmenistan in determining its approaches and positions issues of bilateral relations and regional and international policy. Neutral Turkmenistan has not joined military or military-political bloc, association or alliance or any kind of international structure with functions that are rigidly regulatory or entail collective responsibility and has adhered strictly and unswervingly to the principles of peace, equality of rights, good-neighbourliness and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. Turkmenistan has actively involved in activities of the international community aimed at ensuring , harmony and constructive cooperation.

2. Turkmenistan's policy of permanent neutrality has important factor in the maintenance of regional security and stability. Turkmenistan, making use of its potential as a neutral State, has pursued active and constructive policy in the region aimed at creating conditions conducive to the peaceful, non-violent settlement of disputes and conf1icts. Turkmenistan initiated the holding, under United Nations auspices, of continuous round of inter-Tajik talks in Ashgabat, which made significant contribution to the establishment of and harmony in Tajikistan. Turkmenistan's neutrality and its steadfast and principled position of non-interference in the internal affairs of Afghanistan laid the ground for the commencement of process aimed at achieving political dialogue between the warring Afghan sides. In March 1999, in Ashgabat, representatives of the Taliban movement and the Northern Alliance sat down at the negotiating table for the first time. This active and constructive policy of Turkmenistan, pursued in parallel with United Nations efforts, has earned it great authority among neighbouring States and in the region as whole and has secured the rightful promotion of Ashgabat to the rank of recognized peacemaking centres in Asia.

3. In its economic policy, neutral Turkmenistan has proclaimed and is consistently putting into practice the "open doors" principle, aimed at mutually advantageous cooperation with States, and is establishing equal conditions for the effective functioning of foreign companies in its territory, irrespective of their national origin and form of ownership. This approach of Turkmenistan is ensuring steady interest the part of foreign partners in commercial and economic cooperation with Turkmenistan, facilitating the establishment of sound climate for investment in the country and ensuring the gradual development of its economy .

Turkmenistan is actively participating in regional and inter-regional economic cooperation. Large-scale inter-regional projects are currently being implemented on the initiative of and with direct participation Turkmenistan in the energy, transport and communication sectors with view to giving impetus to the accelerated economic development of the countries of the region and narrowing the technology gap between developed and developing and industrial and agrarian States. In addition, Turkmenistan is a firm advocate of compliance with the principles of complete equality of rights in relations between States and exclusion from the practice of international relations of forms of economic blackmail, dictate and pressure.

4. Given the global character that the problem of securing and distributing energy resources is assuming in the twenty-first century, as well as its own huge fuel potential, Turkmenistan has set about developing and implementing large-scale projects involving the laying of pipelines westward, southward and eastward. A multi-variant pipeline infrastructure will ensure the increase and diversification of world energy reserves and allow for their stabilization and equitable international distribution. The construction of systems for the transport of oil and gas to the west, the Far East and across Europe and the Iranian and Caspian routes will require unprecedented regional cooperation, serve to create huge number of jobs and address social issues, and give strong impetus to the rational cessation of conf1icts. In the twenty-first century, exceptional need is arising for triangular cooperation: among producer countries, transit countries and consumer countries. Dangerous maneuvering and unhealthy competition are giving way to new global approach based the principle of equal benefit, adequate for all . In this context, Turkmenistan's initiative for the drafting and adoption of international convention to guarantee the security and unimpeded transit of crude energy resources via major inter-State pipelines - which are of enormous value to humankind and will carry the lifeblood for global economic development in the twenty-first century - merits broad international support.

5. The philosophy of neutrality has important factor for conflict-free internal development, for the creation in multi-ethnic Turkmenistan of conditions of harmony among faiths, races and ethnic groups, political stability and social partnership, and for the consistent humanization of aspects of public life. In Turkmenistan, citizens are guaranteed equal rights irrespective of ethnic origin, skin colour, sex, age, religion or political views. Turkmenistan was the first State the Asian continent to pass legislation abolishing the death penalty. All of this is furthering the spiritual education of the Turkmen people in lofty, life-affirming ideals and the implantation in society, as the foundation of the national philosophy, of humanist values - peace, justice, openness, tolerance, mutual respect - which are gradually penetrating the f1esh and blood of the Turkmen people.

6. The humanist criteria inherent to the ideology of neutrality have determined Turkmenistan's attitude and approaches to the main trends in world development and the new challenges confronting humankind today. Turkmenistan has consistently and insistently supported the establishment in international relations of more humane, equitable and constructive order, opposed forms of discrimination, the isolation of States on political or ideological grounds and the imposition of various types of economic sanctions, embargoes and the like, and urged respect for the distinctive characteristics of each country and its chosen model of social and political development. As member of the United Nations, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and number of other authoritative international organizations, Turkmenistan is making important contribution to the cause of achieving rapprochement among peoples and States and establishing process of dialogue among cultures and civilizations.

True to the spirit and letter of the Charter of the United Nations, neutral Turkmenistan categorically opposes the dissolution of the Organization into new supranational structures and the appropriation and assumption of its functions by individual States or groups of countries or other organizations. Turkmenistan supports United Nations reform, but only reform that strengthens and broadens the Organization's role in the world, reflects the interests of components equal basis and renounces the principle of special privileges and powers as political anachronism.

The fifth anniversary of Turkmenistan's neutrality is significant date in the history of the Turkmen people. Five years of neutrality have provided them with the opportunity for peaceful and constructive labour in conditions of internal harmony and stability, the laying of stable material and spiritual foundation for accelerated economic reform, the gradual introduction of democratic standards and institutions, and the elevation of the country in the near future to the ranks of the world's modern developed States.

Neutrality has created external conditions conducive to the country's successful development. Despite the complexity and varied nature of regional processes, Turkmenistan is maintaining relations of partnership and good-neighbourliness, characterized equality of rights, mutual advantage and respect, confidence and tolerance, with the States of the region. Turkmenistan has no irreconcilable differences any with country; its relations with the outside world are based on the compatibility of national interests and key trends in global development, and its own vision of its place and role in the system of world political and economic affairs.

Turkmenistan's neutrality is the outcome of the entire course of the historical development of the Turkmen nation and is founded on deep cultural roots, traditions and customs. The neutral model corresponds, in its moral and ethical manifestations, to the mentality of the Turkmen people, their perception of the world and their established system of values. Neutrality is in keeping with the long-term interests of Turkmenistan's economic development, the welfare of its people and its spiritual rebirth.

The five years during which Turkmenistan acts as permanently neutral State recognized by the United Nations have demonstrated for all to see the strength and viability of Turkmen neutrality. Turkmenistan's neutrality has become an undeniably positive factor in regional and inter-regional economic development. The neutral status of the Turkmen State has proven to be an asset in peacemaking and mediatory efforts for the peaceful, non-violent settlement of disputes and conf1icts in the region. Turkmenistan's neutrality objectively meets the long-term interests of the international community as an important and effective factor in the maintenance of peace, stability and security in Asia.

Ashgabat, 11 December 2000

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 PM
Updated: Wednesday, 12 October 2005 11:37 AM

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