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Friday, 8 July 2005
Magtymguly Pyragy
Topic: Turkmenistan Information
Magtymguly Pyragy (1733-1783) was a Turkmen spiritual leader and philosophical poet whose efforts to secure independence and autonomy for his people in the 18th century figured prominently in the Ruhnama.

Education and Early Life

Pyragy was born in the Haji Qushan village near Gonbad Kavus city in the Iranian province of Golestan. He received his early education in the Persian and Arabic languages from his father Dowletmammet Azady, a leading scholar at that time. He went on to study and write poetry, developing a realistic style of writing about 18th century Turkmen that proved very popular and ultimately led to him becoming one of the most cherished Turkmen poets of all time. He was also a devout Sufist who was said to have travelled throughout all the lands comprising modern Turkmenistan, teaching and praying for the salvation of his people. Pyragy is burried in Aqtuqay village in north-western Iran. Iranian government has inaugurated a beautiful mausoleum on his grave.

Political Ideals

Along with Gorkut Ata and Oguz Han, he promoted the idea of keeping the Turkmen way sacred, as well as maintaining the unity and integrity of the Turkmen nation. During his lifetime, his efforts had minimal success overcoming the existing tribal loyalties and rivalries, and it wasn't until 1991 that a completely independent state was established (see History of Turkmenistan).


"Know that what I built,
Is the peg of this world.
Forever it will stay independent,
This is the edifice of the T?rkmen."


Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:22 AM
Updated: Monday, 11 July 2005 12:09 PM
Turkmenistan Releases Statistics for Jan-Jun 05 Period
Topic: Economy & business
Ashgabat, 8 July 2005 (nCa) --- Turkmenistan has released economic statistics for the first half of 2005.

Here is the brief picture:

GDP reportedly gained by 20.4% over the same period of last year. Total size of GDP for Jan-Jun is 54.916 trillion Manats.

Industrial sector gained 18.5%, agriculture 19.8%, construction 17.1%, transport and communications 17%, trading 27.9% and service sector registered overall gain of 23% compared to the first half of 2004.

Industry, petroleum, oil refining, gas and food processing maintained steady growth during the period under review.

During the past six months, 33.079 billion cubic meters of gas was extracted in the country. Out of this volume, 23.887 billion cubic meters was exported.

Petroleum production amounted to 4.807 million tons. Oil refineries of Turkmenistan processed 3.454 million tons of crude.

Lube oil production increased by 9% (+22600 tons), liquefied gas 14% (+188500 tons), polypropylene 1% (+41100 tons).

The production of auto petrol and diesel oil remained at the level of the last year, 815500 tons and 958500 tons respectively.

Power generation during the Jan-Jun 05 period was 6027.6 million kWh. This represents 9% gain over the same period of last year.

Construction material also showed considerable gain. Cement production was the strongest with 220% gain over the same period of last year. Sheet glass manufacturing increased by 12% and other construction material gained by 10%.

Textile industry, under the broad management of the ministry of textile industry, continued to show strong growth.

Silk yarn production was up by 47%, washed wool 11%, cotton yarn 17%, silk fabric 0.5%, cotton fabrics 3%, non-woven material 25%, cotton wool 26%.

In the food processing industry, canned meat production was up by 22%, fruit and vegetables products 3%, pasta 18%. Non-alcoholic drinks shot up by 16% because of the summer season.

In the agriculture sector, live meat production was improved by 10%, milk 11%, eggs 15%, vegetables 9%, melons and gourds 17%.

Large horned cattle population was up by 2%, reaching 2.014 million. Fine horned livestock gained by 8%, reaching 16.96 million. Birds and fowl gained by 7%, with total population 15.93 million.

During this harvesting season, Turkmenistan hopes to gather 3.1 million tons of wheat.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:03 AM
Additional US $ 10 Million for Vaccination, Immunization in Turkmenistan
Topic: Health, Education, Social
Ashgabat, 7 July 2005 (nCa) --- Government of Turkmenistan has allocated US $ 10 million above the regular budget for vaccination and immunization efforts.

The funds would be used for purchase of vaccines, immunological and disinfectant materials, urgently required medical raw material and related equipment.

Ministry of healthcare and medical industry of Turkmenistan would manage the funds and would call tenders for supply of medicines and equipment.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:02 AM
Two Top Banks Merged to Form Turkmenistan Bank
Topic: Economy & business
Ashgabat, 3 July 2005 (nCa) --- Turkmenistan decided Friday to merge two of its top banks to create the largest commercial bank of Turkmenistan.

Turkmenbashy Bank would be merged with Turkmenistan Bank and the new entity would be called Turkmenistan Bank.

The decision is partly meant to plug the holes in the banking sector of Turkmenistan and partly to salvage what is left of the ailing Turkmenbashy Bank.

This brings down the total number of commercial banks in Turkmenistan from 12 to 11.

After merger, Turkmenistan Bank would have 41 branches all over the country. Of these, 26 branches belong to the former Turkmenistan Bank and 15 to the Turkmenbashy Bank.

The distribution of branches is: Ashgabat 10, Ahal province 7, Mary province 5, Lebap province 9, Balkan province 8, and Doshoguz province 2.

Although by sheer size Daikhanbank (Peasants’ Bank) is the largest with 50 branches, it is mainly serving the agriculture sector. Turkmenistan Bank is the largest for the trading and business sector.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 AM
Wednesday, 6 July 2005
U.S. Ambassador to Turkmenistan Praises Turkmen-American Cooperation
Topic: Foreign Relations
U.S. Ambassador to Ashgabat Tracey Ann Jacobson liked traveling around the country very much

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the U.S. to Turkmenistan Tracey Ann Jacobson gave an interview to a correspondent of the State news agency (TDH).

- Tell us, please, a bit about yourself and your life.

- I came in Turkmenistan in August 2003. Almost two years have passed since that time. Time goes by so fast. Turkmenistan is my first assignment as Ambassador. In total, this is my fifth assignment in my diplomatic career. I worked in Seoul, Nassau, Moscow and Riga. I also worked in the State Department, Washington, and the National Security Council at the White House during Bill Clinton’s second term in office. However, as is known, an oversees assignment is what any diplomat desires most. An assignment to the countries with political and economic systems under transformation is particularly interesting. I hope it will be as much interesting in my remaining period in Turkmenistan as it was in the beginning.

I was raised in the international family. My father served in the U.S. Air Forces. My mother’s parents served in the British Army during WWII, and my sister married a navigator of the U.S. Navy. As for myself, I decided, after graduating from a University, that I would serve my country as a diplomat.

- You are heading the diplomatic mission with the 13-year work experience in Turkmenistan. What do you consider the most valuable of this experience?

- Development of mutual understanding between our two states and making a positive contribution to the development of Turkmenistan has been the top priority of our Embassy for the past 13 years.

We focus on the following four directions: promotion of democracy and human rights, reformation of economy and heath services and cooperation in the sphere of security. I am happy that we have achieved progress in our cooperation in the sphere of security, and I hope for the great progress in promotion of democracy and human rights as well as in cooperation in economy.

- What steps do you personally plan to undertake to further develop and strengthen relations between out countries?

- I believe one of the most important steps that I can undertake is to promote educational and professional exchanges. This is not only an opportunity for citizens of Turkmenistan to improve their skills in a new country but also a chance for Americans who meet them to learn more about Turkmenistan. Exchange programmes are our best instrument for deepening mutual understanding and development of relations. We sent 128 people to the United States this year under various programmes, and I would like this number to increase.

We also try to expand our activities outside Ashgabat, in the regions of Turkmenistan so that schoolchildren and students from all over the country could participate in our exchange programmes. We opened Internet-centers and conduct trainings all over the country. Our volunteers from Peace Corp work hard in the regional centers and villages. We launched a new programme this year to provide scholarships for English language learning. We plan to cooperate with the Ministry of education in realization of the program “PEAKS” on the partnership in the field of education. The main objective of these efforts is providing equal opportunities for schoolchildren and students in rural areas as well as in the cities to learn English language and their further participation in the exchange programmes.

We look to the expansion of our cooperation with the government of Turkmenistan in the field of security. We want to help Turkmenistan to strengthen its borders and fight international crime such as drugs and human trafficking. I hope that during my tenure as Ambassador we will be able to expand our cooperation in this field through granting equipment, holding training seminars and exchange programmes.

I think it is very important for us to continue getting to know Turkmenistan, including its vision of the future and our role as its partner. In this regard, I hope I will be able to continue developing trustworthy businesslike relations with President S.A.Niyazov and representatives of the government.

- What have you been able to see and feel deeply in Turkmenistan? To what extent do your impressions of our country differ from the original expectations?

- I grew up in California. The climate in my native city and in Ashgabat is almost the same. That is why I felt myself at home from the very beginning. The first distinctive feature that I noted immediately was boundless hospitality of the Turkmen people. I liked traveling around the country very much. I visited each region two times as minimum. Ashgabat is a beautiful country, but I think it is important for diplomats to visit every corner of the country to understand the way people live, work and think. I liked meeting with leaders of civil society, businessmen and graduates of our exchange programmes all over the country, especially with young people. Before I came here, I was told that the main wealth of Turkmenistan was its oil and chemical resources. Now, I know that people are the main wealth of Turkmenistan.

State news agency of Turkmenistan (TDH)

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 12:04 PM
Updated: Wednesday, 6 July 2005 12:08 PM

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