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TURKMENISTAN: All Interesting Facts and Information
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Friday, 8 July 2005
Karakum Desert
Topic: Turkmenistan Information
The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara Gum (“Black Sand”) (Turkmen: Garagum, Russian: Karakumy) is a desert in Central Asia. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km?, of the area of Turkmenistan. The population is sparse, with an average of one person per 2.5 sq miles.


It lies east of the Caspian Sea, with the Aral Sea to the north and the Amu Darya river and Qyzyl-Qum desert to the northeast.


The Murghab and Tejen rivers flow out of the Hindu Kush Mountains to the south and empty into the desert, providing water for irrigation.

The desert is crossed by the largest irrigation canal in the world, the Qara-Qum Canal. The canal was started in 1954, is 1,375 km in length, and carries 13 km? of water annually. Unfortunately, leakages from the canal have created lakes and ponds along the canal and the rise in groundwater has caused widespread salinization.

Economy and resources

The oases of Mary and Tejen are noted for cotton growing.

The area has significant oil and natural gas deposits.


The desert is crossed by the Trans-Caspian railway.


Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:32 AM
Magtymguly Pyragy
Topic: Turkmenistan Information
Magtymguly Pyragy (1733-1783) was a Turkmen spiritual leader and philosophical poet whose efforts to secure independence and autonomy for his people in the 18th century figured prominently in the Ruhnama.

Education and Early Life

Pyragy was born in the Haji Qushan village near Gonbad Kavus city in the Iranian province of Golestan. He received his early education in the Persian and Arabic languages from his father Dowletmammet Azady, a leading scholar at that time. He went on to study and write poetry, developing a realistic style of writing about 18th century Turkmen that proved very popular and ultimately led to him becoming one of the most cherished Turkmen poets of all time. He was also a devout Sufist who was said to have travelled throughout all the lands comprising modern Turkmenistan, teaching and praying for the salvation of his people. Pyragy is burried in Aqtuqay village in north-western Iran. Iranian government has inaugurated a beautiful mausoleum on his grave.

Political Ideals

Along with Gorkut Ata and Oguz Han, he promoted the idea of keeping the Turkmen way sacred, as well as maintaining the unity and integrity of the Turkmen nation. During his lifetime, his efforts had minimal success overcoming the existing tribal loyalties and rivalries, and it wasn't until 1991 that a completely independent state was established (see History of Turkmenistan).


"Know that what I built,
Is the peg of this world.
Forever it will stay independent,
This is the edifice of the T?rkmen."


Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:22 AM
Updated: Monday, 11 July 2005 12:09 PM
Turkmenistan Releases Statistics for Jan-Jun 05 Period
Topic: Economy & business
Ashgabat, 8 July 2005 (nCa) --- Turkmenistan has released economic statistics for the first half of 2005.

Here is the brief picture:

GDP reportedly gained by 20.4% over the same period of last year. Total size of GDP for Jan-Jun is 54.916 trillion Manats.

Industrial sector gained 18.5%, agriculture 19.8%, construction 17.1%, transport and communications 17%, trading 27.9% and service sector registered overall gain of 23% compared to the first half of 2004.

Industry, petroleum, oil refining, gas and food processing maintained steady growth during the period under review.

During the past six months, 33.079 billion cubic meters of gas was extracted in the country. Out of this volume, 23.887 billion cubic meters was exported.

Petroleum production amounted to 4.807 million tons. Oil refineries of Turkmenistan processed 3.454 million tons of crude.

Lube oil production increased by 9% (+22600 tons), liquefied gas 14% (+188500 tons), polypropylene 1% (+41100 tons).

The production of auto petrol and diesel oil remained at the level of the last year, 815500 tons and 958500 tons respectively.

Power generation during the Jan-Jun 05 period was 6027.6 million kWh. This represents 9% gain over the same period of last year.

Construction material also showed considerable gain. Cement production was the strongest with 220% gain over the same period of last year. Sheet glass manufacturing increased by 12% and other construction material gained by 10%.

Textile industry, under the broad management of the ministry of textile industry, continued to show strong growth.

Silk yarn production was up by 47%, washed wool 11%, cotton yarn 17%, silk fabric 0.5%, cotton fabrics 3%, non-woven material 25%, cotton wool 26%.

In the food processing industry, canned meat production was up by 22%, fruit and vegetables products 3%, pasta 18%. Non-alcoholic drinks shot up by 16% because of the summer season.

In the agriculture sector, live meat production was improved by 10%, milk 11%, eggs 15%, vegetables 9%, melons and gourds 17%.

Large horned cattle population was up by 2%, reaching 2.014 million. Fine horned livestock gained by 8%, reaching 16.96 million. Birds and fowl gained by 7%, with total population 15.93 million.

During this harvesting season, Turkmenistan hopes to gather 3.1 million tons of wheat.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:03 AM
Additional US $ 10 Million for Vaccination, Immunization in Turkmenistan
Topic: Health, Education, Social
Ashgabat, 7 July 2005 (nCa) --- Government of Turkmenistan has allocated US $ 10 million above the regular budget for vaccination and immunization efforts.

The funds would be used for purchase of vaccines, immunological and disinfectant materials, urgently required medical raw material and related equipment.

Ministry of healthcare and medical industry of Turkmenistan would manage the funds and would call tenders for supply of medicines and equipment.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:02 AM
Two Top Banks Merged to Form Turkmenistan Bank
Topic: Economy & business
Ashgabat, 3 July 2005 (nCa) --- Turkmenistan decided Friday to merge two of its top banks to create the largest commercial bank of Turkmenistan.

Turkmenbashy Bank would be merged with Turkmenistan Bank and the new entity would be called Turkmenistan Bank.

The decision is partly meant to plug the holes in the banking sector of Turkmenistan and partly to salvage what is left of the ailing Turkmenbashy Bank.

This brings down the total number of commercial banks in Turkmenistan from 12 to 11.

After merger, Turkmenistan Bank would have 41 branches all over the country. Of these, 26 branches belong to the former Turkmenistan Bank and 15 to the Turkmenbashy Bank.

The distribution of branches is: Ashgabat 10, Ahal province 7, Mary province 5, Lebap province 9, Balkan province 8, and Doshoguz province 2.

Although by sheer size Daikhanbank (Peasants’ Bank) is the largest with 50 branches, it is mainly serving the agriculture sector. Turkmenistan Bank is the largest for the trading and business sector.

Posted by countryturkmenistan at 11:01 AM

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